||Developments in Jazz
- The town of Zion, Illinois bans jazz performances, labeling them "sinful."
- Pianist James P. Johnson records The Harlem Strut and Carolina Shout, the earliest stride piano recordings, in New York.
- A crisis occurs surrounding German war reparations.
- Adolf Hitler is elected leader of the Nazi Party.
- Russia is refused entry to the League of Nations.
- The first Miss America contest is held.
- Warren G. Hardin becomes president.
- Trombonist Kid Ory's band, based in Los Angeles, makes the first recordings by a black ensemble playing in the New Orleans style.
- Pianist Fats Waller makes his first recordings.
- Pianist William "Count" Basie makes his first recordings.
- Blues singer Mamie Smith continues to grow in popularity, recording twenty songs with her band The Jazz Hounds, which features saxophonist Coleman Hawkins.
- Ragtime publisher John Stark goes out of business signifying the end of ragtime.
- Race records are created, marketing and categorizing music by the race of the performers.
- Louis Armstrong moves to Chicago to join King Oliver's Band.
- Mahatma Ghandi is imprisoned.
- The BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) is founded.
- Isadora Duncan's suggestive dancing is banned.
- Mussolini seizes power in Rome.
- Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb is discovered.
- Writer James Joyce publishes Ulysses.
- Blues singer Bessie Smith makes her first recording, Down-hearted Blues, which sells a million copies in six months and leads to her signing a nine-year contract with Columbia Records.
- Cornetist King Oliver's band, which includes Louis Armstrong on trumpet and Armstrong's wife Lil Hardin on piano, makes its first recordings, including Dippermouth Blues.
- Pianist and arranger Fletcher Henderson forms the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra and begins performing at Club Alabama in New York.
- Pianist Jelly Roll Morton, now based in Chicago, makes several recordings including solo pieces such as King Porter Stomp and performances with the New Orleans Rhythm Kings.
- Clarinetist Sidney Bechet makes his first recordings.
- Bandleader Elmer Snowden's Washingtonians performs in New York with Duke Ellington on piano.
- The first network radio broadcast occurs in the U.S.
- Earthquake in Tokyo kills 100,000.
- Congress approves a law making all Native Americans citizens of the U.S.
- Calvin Coolidge becomes President.
- Duke Ellington makes his first recordings as leader of the Washingtonians.
- George Gershwin debuts Rhapsody in Blue along with Paul Whiteman's band.
- Cornetist Bix Beiderbecke and his band, The Wolverines, make their first recordings.
- Louis Armstrong moves to New York City to work with Fletcher Henderson.
- Coleman Hawkins plays alongside Louis Armstrong in the Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, and his sax playing significantly evolves.
- Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of the Communist Revolution, dies.
- Stalin becomes dictator of Russia.
- The Fascist Party wins the Italian elections.
- Blues singer Bessie Smith and trumpeter Louis Armstrong record the classic version of W.C. Handy's St. Louis Blues for Columbia Records.
- Louis Armstrong makes his first recordings with his group, the Hot Five.
- James P. Johnson records Charleston, which becomes a huge hit and gives rise to a dance of the same name.
- Electrical recordings are introduced.
- The Original Dixieland Jass Band disbands.
- Pianist Fats Waller gives lessons to pianist Count Basie.
- Italian leader Benito Mussolini commences his dictatorship.
- The first electrical recording of classical music is made in the U.S.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby is published; Fitzgerald christens the decade "The Jazz Age."
- The Ku Klux Klan marches in Washington, D.C.
- Tennessee teacher John Thomas Scopes is convicted for teaching Darwin's theories of evolution to high school students.
- American labor leader A. Philip Randolph organizes the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters to help bring American Blacks into the mainstream of the American labor movement.
- Frisbee is played for the first time by a group of students using empty Frisbie Baking Company pie plates.
- Trumpeter Louis Armstrong has a huge hit and pioneers scat singing with his first recorded original composition, Heebie Jeebies, featuring his Hot Five.
- Pianist Jelly Roll Morton's group the Red Hot Peppers records in Chicago.
- Bandleader Fletcher Henderson's group records with saxophonist Coleman Hawkins.
- John Coltrane and Miles Davis are born.
- The first television is introduced.
- The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) begins transmitting nationally.
- Painter Claude Monet dies.
- The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team is organized by Abe Saperstein in Chicago.
- Louis Armstrong makes his first recordings with his Hot Seven, which was the Hot Five plus drums and tuba.
- Jean Goldkette's Orchestra is dissolved.
- Cornetist Bix Beiderbecke joins Paul Whiteman's band.
- Pianist and bandleader Duke Ellington begins his residency at the Cotton Club in Harlem, increasing the band from six to eleven members.
- The U.S. and Britain use military force in China.
- Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
- Columbia Broadcast System (CBS) is inaugurated.
- The first "talkie" film is released, The Jazz Singer, starring Al Jolson.
- Clarinetist Benny Goodman makes his first recordings.
- Japanese troops enter China.
- Pianist Fats Waller participates in a mixed-race recording session in which he is forced to play behind a screen to separate him from the white musicians.
- The film St. Louis Blues about the life of pianist W.C. Handy is released, featuring blues singer Bessie Smith, Handy as musical director, and pianist James P. Johnson's band.
- Yugoslavia is formed under King Alexander.
- The U.S. stock market crashes.
- The St. Valentine's Day Massacre occurs in Chicago.
- The first Academy Awards are held in Hollywood.
- Herbert Hoover becomes president.