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3

Roles of the Instruments

footnotes

1. National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA

2. For information on ordering The Instrumental History of Jazz 2-CD set, click here.

3. Student handouts can be downloaded from the Jazz in America website and photocopied.

4. Any material on the Jazz in America website may be made into a transparency as the instructor sees fit.

TOPICS:

  1. The Role of Each Instrument in Jazz
  2. The Role of Each Person in a Democratic Society

STANDARDS:
National Standards for United States History (Grades 7-8)1

Historical Thinking
Students should be able to:
  • analyze cause-and-effect relationships and multiple causation, including the importance of the individual, the influence of ideas (Historical Analysis and Interpretation Standard 3c).

Historical Content
Students should be able to:
  1. analyze the features of the Constitution which have made [it] enduring (Era 3: Revolution of the New Nation Standard 3a).
  2. understand the guarantees of the Bill of Rights and continuing significance (Era 3: Revolution of the New Nation Standard 3b).
  3. explain the provisions of the 14th and 15th amendments (Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction Standard 3a).

SESSION OBJECTIVES:
The student will:
  1. gain a fundamental understanding of the function of each instrument in jazz, including:
    1. horns (e.g., trumpet, saxophone, trombone)
    2. piano
    3. bass
    4. drums
    5. guitar
  2. gain a fundamental understanding of jazz as a metaphor for democracy

EQUIPMENT:
  1. CD player
  2. chalkboard (with chalk and eraser)
  3. overhead projector (optional)
  4. computer logged onto www.jazzinamerica.org (optional)

MATERIALS:
  1. The Instrumental History of Jazz2 (optional)
    1. two CDs
    2. accompanying booklet
  2. Student Handouts3 (one per student)
    1. chapter glossary
    2. jazz/democracy metaphor sheet
  3. Overhead projector transparencies4

INSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIES:
The instructor will:
  1. distribute student handouts
  2. discuss the basic function of each instrument in jazz
    1. horn
    2. piano
    3. bass
    4. drums
    5. guitar
  3. discuss the roles of people in a democratic society using jazz as a metaphor
    1. individual freedom
    2. responsibility to the group
    3. leadership
  4. play various jazz recordings

STUDENT ACTIVITIES:
The students will:
  1. participate in a class discussion on the roles of the various instruments most often used in jazz
  2. participate in a class discussion regarding jazz as a metaphor for democracy
  3. listen to jazz recordings

ASSESSMENT:
Test Bank
  1. Multiple Choice Test
  2. Essay/Discussion Questions at the Teacher’s Discretion

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