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6

Test Bank

Select the BEST answer.

  1. Cool Jazz developed during the:
    1. late 1800's
    2. early 1900's
    3. mid 1900's
    4. late 1900's

  2. Cool Jazz was:
    1. loud, exciting, and "loose"
    2. soft, reserved, and controlled
    3. completed improvised
    4. developed by Thelonious Monk

  3. In Cool Jazz, the emphasis is on:
    1. only the improvised solos
    2. only the arrangement
    3. both the arrangement and the improvised solos
    4. the temperature in the room

  4. One of the most important Cool Jazz artists was trumpeter:
    1. Miles Davis
    2. Scott Joplin
    3. Ella Fitzgerald
    4. Wynton Marsalis

  5. In the Cool Jazz era, Dave Brubeck was among the first artists to bring jazz to:
    1. nightclubs
    2. grocery stores
    3. dance halls
    4. college campuses

  6. The Fair Housing Act:
    1. prohibits racial discrimination when selling and buying property
    2. ensures that musicians receive proper housing
    3. allows landlords to choose whites over non-whites when renting an apartment
    4. none of the above

  7. A long slender pipe-like instrument from the woodwind family that is played by blowing across a hole near one end is a:
    1. trombone
    2. flute
    3. bongo
    4. saxophone

  8. When you create a new melody while performing, or when you create spontaneous composition, it's called:
    1. dissonance
    2. Bebop
    3. improvisation
    4. Ragtime

  9. Buddy Collette began playing professionally as a teenager and:
    1. was among the first African American musicians to play for a television show
    2. invented Cool Jazz
    3. created the Fair Housing Act
    4. played Latin Percussion instruments

  10. In Cool Jazz, you could find:
    1. very little organization to the music
    2. "collective improvisation" that was common in the Dixieland Era
    3. banjos
    4. elements of classical music
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

  1. _____________________ ________________________ is a style of jazz identified by relaxed tempos and open space in the melody.


  2. Classical instruments such as _____________________________ were often found in Cool Jazz groups.


  3. Miles Davis played the _______________________________________.


  4. Bebop was linked to the __________________________ coast while Cool Jazz was linked to the ____________________________ coast.


  5. "Keeping ______________________________" meantkeeping your self-control in times of crisis and was used in slang as well as in the language of army test pilots.


  6. The Civil ____________________________ Act bans discrimination based on a person's race, color, national origin, religion, or gender.


  7. ________________________ _______________________ instruments are musical instruments such as bongos, congas, and cowbells that are often played in ensembles in Latin American countries.


  8. In the 1940's, most African Americans living in Los Angeles lived on or near ____________________________________ Avenue, where residents of all races were attracted to the area's many jazz clubs.


  9. A musician who writes the parts to be played by a musical ensemble is an _____________________________________________.


  10. When you improvise, you _________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________.

Circle T if the statement is true; circle F if the statement is false


  1. In general, Bebop used more written music than Cool Jazz. T F


  2. Cool Jazz wasn't influenced by classical music. T F


  3. Cool Jazz began in the state of Texas. T F


  4. Cool Jazz was more popular with audiences than Bebop. T F


  5. Cool Jazz was the only type of jazz being played on the West Coast in the 1950's. T F


  6. A dissonance is a harsh sound. T F


  7. All jazz musicians during the 1940's and 1950's were men. T F


  8. An arranger is a musician who writes the parts to be played by a music ensemble. T F


  9. The area in Los Angeles where most African Americans lived due to racial discrimination in the 1940's was 52nd Street. T F


  10. Stan Kenton was the first African American musician to play on a television show. T F
Match the words in the columns correctly
  1. Bebop
  2. Cool Jazz
  3. Miles Davis
  4. Dave Brubeck
  5. Civil Rights Act
  6. dissonance
  7. Fair Housing Act
  8. improvisation
  9. Buddy Collette
  10. flute
  1. important Cool Jazz pianist who wrote the tune "Take Five"
  2. a harsh sound
  3. style of jazz that is soft, more reserved, and controlled
  4. creating a new melody while performing
  5. long slender pipe-like instrument from the woodwind family
  6. prohibits racial discrimination when selling and buying property
  7. style of jazz that is loud, exciting, and loose
  8. one of the first African American musicians to play for a television show
  9. trumpet player who was one of the innovators of Cool Jazz
  10. bans discrimination based on a person’s race, color, national origin, religion, or gender
the thelonious monk institute of jazz
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