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3

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  1. In a jazz combo, the horns are primarily responsible for
    1. providing the accompaniment
    2. playing chords
    3. playing written melodies
    4. playing improvised melodies
    5. playing melodies, both written and improvised

  2. In jazz, the rhythm section is primarily responsible for
    1. providing the accompaniment
    2. playing chords
    3. playing melodies
    4. keeping the rhythm the same
    5. changing rhythms

  3. In jazz, the rhythm section is
    1. the part of a composition that includes the most rhythmic activity
    2. the part of a composition in which the rhythm is the most complex
    3. the part of a composition in which the rhythm is the most simple
    4. comprised of piano, bass, and drums
    5. where the rhythm changes

  4. Which of the following instruments is NOT a member of the rhythm section?
    1. piano
    2. bass
    3. guitar
    4. drums
    5. saxophone

  5. The pianist’s primary responsibility is to
    1. play chords
    2. play melodies
    3. walk bass lines with the right hand
    4. walk bass lines with the left hand
    5. lead the band, making sure everyone is in the right place

  6. In jazz, to comp means to
    1. acquire drugs
    2. play an improvised solo
    3. play chords rhythmically
    4. compete in an organized music competition
    5. give someone a free ticket to a jazz performance

  7. Comp comes from the word(s)
    1. accompany
    2. comprehensive
    3. competition
    4. compatible
    5. compact disc (CD)

  8. Jazz pianists
    1. play chords only
    2. play written melodies only
    3. play improvised melodies only
    4. provide accompaniment and improvise melodies
    5. are rarely able to read music

  9. The jazz bassist’s primary role is to
    1. play the roots of the chords and lay down a great groove
    2. improvise melodies
    3. play chords
    4. play bass solos
    5. comp

  10. In jazz, the bass
    1. solos the least and thus is the least important instrument in a jazz combo
    2. solos the most and thus is the most important instrument in a jazz combo
    3. is the foundation, i.e., the “glue” that keeps everyone in the band together
    4. is the primary comping instrument
    5. is equally responsible for comping and soloing

  11. In jazz, the drummer’s primary responsibility is to
    1. play exciting drum solos
    2. keep a steady beat, lay down a great groove, and rhythmically compliment what the soloists are playing
    3. comp
    4. change the tempo
    5. play what’s written

  12. Playing in unison means
    1. two or more musicians comping
    2. two or more musicians playing notes that harmonize with each other at the exact same time
    3. two or more musicians playing one right after the other
    4. two or more musicians playing the exact same notes at the exact same time
    5. two or more musicians improvising at the exact same time

  13. In jazz, the guitarist is considered part of the rhythm section when he/she
    1. is improvising a solo
    2. is playing rhythmically
    3. is comping
    4. changes the rhythm
    5. changes the tempo

  14. Democracy is a political theory in which
    1. all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs
    2. the means of production and distribution are controlled and operated according to equity and fairness rather than market principles
    3. there is no individual freedom
    4. there is an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
    5. power and responsibility are vested in the people and exercised by them

  15. The terms democracy and freedom
    1. are synonymous
    2. are opposites
    3. are related
    4. are used to describe classical music
    5. are used to describe socialism

  16. Of the following phrases, which one best describes true democracy?
    1. individual freedom with no responsibility to the group
    2. individual freedom but with responsibility to the leader
    3. individual freedom but with responsibility to the group
    4. freedom based on class, wealth, power, or race
    5. a society in which all people follow the rules

  17. In a perfect democratic society,
    1. individuals have the freedom to do whatever they wish and that happens to enhance the whole group
    2. individuals have the freedom to do whatever they wish as long as they can afford it monetarily
    3. individuals have decisions made for them by the most intelligent and educated people in the society
    4. people don’t have to work hard for the overall good of the group, just for themselves
    5. greed and power actually enhance the society

  18. A jazz combo is an example of a perfect democracy in that the jazz musicians
    1. have the individual freedom to play whatever they want but have a responsibility to the other musicians in the band
    2. have the individual freedom to play whatever they want regardless of what the other musicians in the band think
    3. each play the same number of choruses
    4. vote on the music that they are going to play
    5. elect the leader of the band

  19. Jazz musicians realize that
    1. the whole is greater than the sum of the parts
    2. together (in a combo) they can do so much more than they could ever do individually
    3. the music is better because each player is different – it brings something new to the music
    4. in a jazz group, it doesn’t matter what color you are or what your ethnicity is; what matters is who you are inside and how you play
    5. All of the above

  20. The Declaration of Independence was issued in
    1. 1492
    2. 1776
    3. 1787
    4. 1863
    5. 1865

  21. The Declaration of Independence
    1. freed the slaves
    2. is another name for the US Constitution
    3. gave African Americans and women the right to vote
    4. contained principles of universal liberty and democracy that was applied to all people of the day, regardless of race or gender
    5. contained certain principles that served as reference points for people who wanted to perfect democracy later on

  22. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued in
    1. 1492
    2. 1776
    3. 1787
    4. 1863
    5. 1865

  23. The Emancipation Proclamation
    1. freed the slaves
    2. is another name for the US Constitution
    3. gave African Americans and women the right to vote
    4. provided equality for all
    5. was written by Thomas Jefferson

  24. Buddy Bolden
    1. was one of the first jazz musicians
    2. signed the Declaration of Independence
    3. was one of the first freed slaves
    4. co-wrote the Emancipation Proclamation
    5. played piano

  25. Jelly Roll Morton is most known for
    1. his trumpet playing
    2. co-writing the Emancipation Proclamation
    3. being the only black man to sign the Declaration of Independence
    4. being one of the first great jazz composers
    5. assassinating Abraham Lincoln

Fill in the blank with the correct answer
  1. In a jazz combo, the horns are primarily responsible for _________________.
  2. In a jazz combo, the rhythm section is primarily responsible for ____________________.
  3. The rhythm section is comprised of _____________, __________, and _____________.
  4. The pianist’s primary responsibility is _______________________________________.
  5. In jazz, to comp means to _______________________________________________.
  6. Comp comes from the word _____________________________________________.
  7. The jazz bassist’s primary role is to ________________________________________.
  8. In jazz, the drummer’s primary responsibility is to _____________________________.
  9. Playing in unison means ________________________________________________.
  10. In jazz, the guitarist is considered part of the rhythm section when he/she ___________.
  11. Democracy is a political theory in which power and responsibility are vested in ______.
  12. In a democratic society, everyone has individual freedom but with responsibility to _____.
  13. Each musician in a jazz combo has individual freedom but with responsibility to _____________________________.
  14. The Declaration of Independence was written by _______________________________ and issued in the year of _________.
  15. The Emancipation Proclamation was written by ______________________________ and issued in the year of __________.
  16. The primary purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation was to ___________________________________.
  17. The primary purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to ________________.
  18. By 1840, slavery was practically gone in the ________________ states but was still thriving in the _________________ states.
  19. The civil war began in the year _________ and ended in the year _______.
  20. Abraham Lincoln said that democracy is government "of the people, by the people, and ____________________________.”
  21. Full equality for African Americans did not come until the _________________________ era of the 1960s.
  22. Buddy Bolden was one of the first ____________________________.
  23. Jelly Roll Morton is known for being one of the first great _____________________________.
  24. Jelly Roll Morton’s primary instrument was __________________.
  25. Both Buddy Bolden and Jelly Roll Morton were from the city of _______________________.


Write a one to two page answer.
Essay Question #1
Describe the roles and responsibilities of each instrument in a typical jazz combo.

Essay question #2
What is democracy? Why is a jazz combo considered a perfect democratic society? What do you see as being democratic and non-democratic in your everyday life? Explain.

Essay question #3
Explain the similarities and difference between a jazz band leader and a symphony conductor?

Essay question #4
Explain why government “of the people” took so long to include all of the people.

Essay question #5
Who was Jelly Roll Morton? What were his primary contributions to the history of jazz?

Please answer true or false to the following questions.
1. In a jazz combo, the horns are primarily responsible for playing written and improvised melodies. T F
2. In jazz, the rhythm section is primarily responsible for providing accompaniment. T F
3. In jazz, the rhythm section is comprised of 1-4 horn players plus piano, bass, and drums. T F
4. Guitar is never considered part of the rhythm section. T F
5. In a jazz combo, the pianist’s primary responsibility is to improvise melodies. T F
6. In a jazz combo, the bassist’s primary responsibility is to play great bass solos. T F
7. In a jazz combo, the drummer’s primary responsibility is to play exciting drum solos. T F
8. Comp comes from the word accompany. T F
9. Comp means to play chords in a rhythmically interesting fashion, accompanying and interacting with the soloist. T F
10. Playing in unison means two or more musicians playing the exact same notes at the exact same time. T F
11. Democracy is a political theory in which power and responsibility are vested in the people and exercised by them. T F
12. Democracy is individual freedom but with responsibility to the group. T F
13. A jazz combo is an example of a perfect democratic society. T F
14. Abraham Lincoln said that democracy is government "of the people, by the people, and for the people." T F
15. The terms democracy and freedom are synonymous. T F
16. In a democratic society, individuals have the freedom to do whatever they wish as long as it doesn’t interfere with anyone else. T F
17. In a perfect democratic society, what the individuals happen to freely choose to do enhances the whole group. T F
18. If all people in the US freely chose to work hard, not commit crime, be fair, and not discriminate, we would have a perfect democratic society. T F
19. Southern states freed slaves earlier than northern states. T F
20. In a jazz group, the musicians’ race and ethnicity are equally important as how well they play their instruments. T F
21. Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Emancipation Proclamation. T F
22. The Declaration of Independence was written to provide equality to all, freeing the slaves. T F
23. Buddy Bolden was one of the first great jazz pianists. T F
24. Jelly Roll Morton was one of the first great jazz composers. T F
25. Buddy Bolden is known for making the first jazz recording. T F
Match the words in the columns correctly.

1. horns  

A. playing chords rhythmically  

1. _____

2. rhythm section  

B. early jazz cornet player  

2. _____

3. piano  

C. War of Independence  

3. _____

4. comping  

D. democracy  

4. _____

5. bass   

E. piano, bass, drums  

5. _____

6. drums  

F. 13th Amendment to the US Constitution  

6. _____

7. guitarist  

G. wrote Emancipation Proclamation  

7. _____

8. unison  

H. 620,000  

8. _____

9. harmony  

I. 1920  

9. _____

10. individual freedom with responsibility to the group  

J. 1960s  

10. _____

11. jazz combo  

K. 1860-1865  

11. _____

12. number of American deaths during the Civil War  

L. first great jazz composer  

12. _____

13. number of freed slaves after the Civil War  

M. play melodies only (written and improvised)  

13. _____

14. Revolutionary War  

N. 1848  

14. _____

15. Women?s right to vote (date)  

O. renowned bandleader and trumpet player  

15. _____

16. Outlawed slavery  

P. 'horn' player and/or rhythm section member  

16. _____

17. Civil Rights Movement (date)  

Q. Black district in New Orleans  

17. _____

18. Civil War (date)  

R. 4 million  

18. _____

19. Storyville  

S. different notes at the exact same time  

19. _____

20. First women's rights convention (date)  

T. chords' roots; musical foundation  

20. _____

21. Buddy Bolden  

U. wrote Declaration of Independence  

21. _____

22. Jelly Roll Morton  

V. exact same notes at the exact same time  

22. _____

23. Miles Davis  

W. two hand comp or left hand comp/right hand solo  

23. _____

24. Abraham Lincoln  

X. example of a perfect democratic society  

24. _____

25. Thomas Jefferson  

Y. steady beat, compliment soloists, add excitement  

25. _____

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