Year Developments in Jazz Historical Events
  • Trumpeter Dave Douglas and vocalist Diana Krall rise in popularity.
  • Bassist Dave Holland tours with a group featuring saxophonist Chris Potter.
  • New jazz-related genre, "jam bands," rises in popularity.
  • Violence erupts in Israel.
  • The U.S. Presidential election results are delayed due to confusion about votes in Florida.
  • 19-hour, 10-part documentary Jazz directed by Ken Burns is presented on PBS and released on DVD.
  • Famed Juilliard School establishes degree program in jazz studies.
  • Dave Brubeck's alma mater, the University of the Pacific, launches the Brubeck Institute.
  • Thelonious Monk Jr. establishes independent record label Thelonious Records.
  • Jazz greats Joe Henderson, John Lewis, J.J. Johnson, Billy Higgins, and Tommy Flanagan die.
  • George W. Bush becomes president.
  • The World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. are rammed by hijacked jetliners in the worst terror attack on U.S. soil; over 3,000 killed.
  • U.S. and Britain attack targets in Afghanistan as Taliban government refuses to hand over terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden; Taliban regime topples but bin Laden remains at large.
  • Apple Computer introduces the iPod.
  • XM satellite radio begins service.
  • Wayne Shorter tours and records with his new acoustic quartet.
  • Dave Holland forms critically acclaimed big band.
  • Los Angeles Philharmonic establishes Creative Chair for Jazz; vocalist Dianne Reeves accepts first appointment.
  • The faces of jazz icons Duke Ellington, Sidney Bechet, Louis Armstong, and Ella Fitzgerald are placed on French postage stamps.
  • Tom Lord publishes comprehensive jazz discography containing 136,263 recordings (15,000 pages in 26 volumes).
  • Several major record lables shut down or minimize their jazz divisions, effecting a rise in the number of independent jazz labels.
  • Jazz legends Lionel Hampton, Peggy Lee, Ray Brown, and Rosemary Clooney die.
  • President Bush lables Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as "axis of evil."
  • U.S. Homeland Security cabinet department established.
  • Sirius satellite radio begins service.
  • The word "google" becomes a verb (to google means to perform a Web search); the American Dialect Society chooses the verb as the "most useful word of 2002."
  • Blue Note recording artist Norah Jones wins 8 Grammy Awards including Album of the Year.
  • Louis Armstrong's Queens, NY home opens as a jazz museum, educational resource, and historical landmark.
  • New development in jazz, "jazztronica" (combining improvisation, 1980's fusion era groove, and studio electronics) arrives on the scene.
  • Resurgence of interest in jazz vocals and pre-rock standards.
  • Jazz legend Benny Carter dies.
  • Space shuttle Columbia explodes upon reentry into Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts on board.
  • U.S. and Britain wage war against Iraq.
  • President Bush signs $350 billion tax-cut bill.
  •  Former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein captured in Tikrit by U.S. 4th Infantry Division.
  • Apple Computer launches digital media player application and online music service iTunes.
  • DVDs replace VCRs as the common standard at video stores.
  • Jazz at Lincoln Center opens Frederick P. Rose Hall, the first-ever performance, education, and broadcast facility devoted exclusively to jazz.
  • As major record lables continue to minify or eliminate their jazz divisions, more and more jazz artists record and release their own CDs on the Internet via such organizations as ArtistShare.
  • Jam band Bad Plus rises in popularity.
  • NEA increases number of Jazz Masters honored each year from 3 to 6 and honorarium from $20,000 to $25,000.
  • Jazz legends Elvin Jones and Illinois Jacquet die.
  • Sovereignty returned to an interim government in Iraq; U.S. maintains approximately 135,000 troops there to fight growing insurgency.
  • Two Mars exploration robotic rovers successfully reach the surface of the red planet and send detailed data and images of its landscape back to Earth.
  • Tsunami causes devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Maldives, killing approximately 300,000 and prompting the largest humanitarian response for a natural disaster in history.
  • Internet usage surpasses TV viewing.
  • Videogame industry profits surpass movie industry's.
  • 1957 recording of the Thelonious Monk Quartet with John Coltrane discoved and released on Blue Note.
  • Jazz DVDs enter market.
  • New Orleans native sons Harry Connick Jr. and Wynton Marsalis (and others) organize telethons, concerts, etc. to help Hurricane Katrina vicitims; despite dark days, jazz contiunes to flourish in New Orleans.
  • Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, Nnenna Freeelon, and 8 Monk Institute Fellows tour Vietnam on behalf of the U.S. State Department, commemorating 10th anniversary of normalization of U.S.-Vietnam diplomatic relations.
  • Jazz legend Percy Heath dies.
  • Terrorists bomb public transport system in London and markets in New Delhi.
  • Hurricane Katrina causes catastrophic damage in Mississippi and Louisiana; 80% of New Orleans flooded; over 1,400 killed; all levels of U.S. government criticized for delayed and inadequate response.
  • Earthquake in Kashmir kills 80,000.
  • Israeli government enacts unilateral disengagement plan, removing Israeli settlements from Gaza.
  • Pope John Paul II dies at age 84 and is succeeded by Pope Benedict XVI.
  • Cell phone carriers add video viewing, internet, and music downloading services.
  • Tony Bennett, Chick Corea and the late Ray Barretto are named NEA Jazz Masters.
  • Jazz legends Walter Booker and Anita O’Day die.
  • Coretta Scott King, Civil Rights activist and wife of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., dies at 78.
  • Former Iraqui President Saddam Hussein and two of his senior allies are sentenced to death by hanging after an Iraqi court finds them guilty of crimes against humanity.
  • Google buys YouTube for $1.65 billion.
  • The Blu-Ray disc, Nintendo Wii, and Playstation 3 are released in the U.S.
  • Ornette Coleman wins a Pulitzer Prize for album Sound Grammar.
  • Monterey Jazz Festival celebrates their 50th year.
  • Jazz legends Alice Coltrane, Michael Brecker, Joe Zawinul, Oscar Peterson, and Max Roach die.
  • The iPhone is introduced to the public.
  • 32 people are killed in the Virginia Tech massacre on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • Russia is once again recognized as a full-fledged superpower by the U.S.
  • One of the largest and most powerful jazz advocacy groups, the International Association of Jazz Education (IAJE), files for Chapter 7 bankruptcy.
  • The U.S. Postal Service issues jazz related stamps featuring Frank Sinatra. 
  • Herbie Hancock’s album The River: The Joni Letters wins a Grammy for Album of the Year, becoming the first jazz album in 43 years to do so.
  • Miguel Zenon and Alex Ross win John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Genius Fellowships.
  • Geri Allen was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship for music composition.
  • Dave Brubeck and Quincy Jones are inducted into the California Museum’s California Hall of Fame.
  • Barack Obama is elected the 44th President of the U.S., becoming the first U.S. African-American President.
  • This election also marks the first time the Republican Party nominated a woman for Vice-President (then Governor of Alaska, Sarah Palin).
  • Voter turnout is the highest in at last 40 years.
  • Jazz musician Duke Ellington has become the first Black American to be prominently featured on a U.S. coin in circulation with the release of a quarter honoring the District of Columbia.
  • Koko Taylor, blues singer, dies.
  • Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th, and first African-American president of the U.S.
  • President Obama orders the closing of the Guantánamo Bay detention camp in Cuba, where the U.S. had held non-citizens accused of terrorism.
  • President Obama signs the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, an equal-pay act that expands workers rights.
  • The outbreak of the H1N1 influenza strain, commonly referred to as "swine flu", is deemed a global pandemic, becoming the first condition since the Hong Kong flu of 1967–1968 to receive this designation.
  • Sonia Sotomayor is confirmed to the U.S. Supreme Court, the first Latino and third woman on the bench.
  • U.S. Airways Flight 1549 makes a forced landing in Hudson River.  All 150 passengers and 5 crew members survived.
  • The death of American entertainer Michael Jackson triggers an outpouring of worldwide grief.
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