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2

Test Bank

Select the BEST answer for each question.

  1. Early Jazz evolved from:
    1. Ragtime
    2. blues
    3. spirituals
    4. all of the above
  2. The usual instrumentation of a Dixieland band includes trumpet, trombone, piano, string bass, drums, and:
    1. saxophone and banjo
    2. clarinet and banjo
    3. flute and drums
    4. violin and clarinet
  3. When jazz musicians all solo at the same time, it's called:
    1. democracy
    2. blues
    3. collective improvisation
    4. speakeasy
  4. In Dixieland music, the instrument that adds to or embellishes the melody of the trumpet is the:
    1. piano
    2. drums
    3. cornet
    4. clarinet
  5. One of the most important musicians of Dixieland was:
    1. Scott Joplin
    2. Louis Armstrong
    3. Frank Sinatra
    4. George Washington
  6. The Great Migration was a time when:
    1. jazz musicians searched for better instruments to use
    2. many African Americans moved north in search of better employment and living conditions
    3. Louis Armstrong performed in Las Vegas for the first time
    4. people living in the north moved south for the warmer weather
  7. A "black and tan" was:
    1. a popular shoe in Chicago in the 1920's
    2. the name of Louis Armstrong's instrument
    3. a night club in the 1920's that admitted both African Amercian and white customers
    4. a large funnel-shaped horn used to increase the volume of the voice
  8. Freddie Keppard was known for:
    1. putting a handkerchief over the valves of his trumpet
    2. being the first jazz improviser
    3. inventing the Model T Ford
    4. starting the Great Migration
  9. The dance that had the same name as a tune in the 1920's was the:
    1. Dipper Mouth Blues
    2. Chicago
    3. King Oliver
    4. Charleston
  10. You have to know a code word in order to enter a:
    1. moving assembly line
    2. Royal Garden
    3. speakeasy
    4. McDonald's
Circle T if the statement is true; circle F if the statement is false.

  1. Dixieland developed in the early 1800's. T F


  2. Early Jazz was influenced in part by military brass bands. T F


  3. Dixieland bands were originally small marching bands. T F


  4. A Dixieland band usually includes an electric bass. T F


  5. In Dixieland music, the trombone often uses sound effects such as "smears" and "slides." T F


  6. Collective improvisation represented, in part, African Americans' newfound freedom. T F


  7. During the Great Migration, people moved in large numbers to cities in the southern United States. T F


  8. Louis Armstrong played a type of trumpet called a "black and tan." T F


  9. The Model T Ford was one of the first cars built on a moving assembly line. T F


  10. Microphones were more popular in the 1920's than megaphones. T F
Match the words in the columns correctly.
  1. speakeasy
  2. clarinet
  3. collective improvisation
  4. Charleston
  5. trumpet
  6. black and tan
  7. Early Jazz
  8. steady beat
  9. Louis Armstrong
  10. Freddie Keppard
  1. instrument that plays the melody in Dixieland music
  2. a popular dance in the 1920's and the name of a jazz tune
  3. he put a handkerchief over the valves of his trumpet
  4. Dixieland
  5. pulse of the music
  6. nightclub that operated illegally and required a password to enter
  7. the first great jazz soloist
  8. when several musicians solo at the same time
  9. nightclub with customers of all races
  10. instrument that embellishes the melody in Dixieland music
  1.  _____
  2.  _____
  3.  _____
  4.  _____
  5.  _____
  6.  _____
  7.  _____
  8.  _____
  9.  _____
  10.  _____
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

  1. Another word for Early Jazz is __________________________________.


  2. Early Jazz made its way from the city of _________________________ to Chicago, to New YOrk, and eventually to the rest of the country.


  3. A cornet is a type of ___________________________________________.


  4. During collective improvisation, Dixieland jazz musicians _______________________________ at the same time.


  5. In addition to playing for dances and parties, Dixieland bands would also play for ___________________________, marching alongside the procession.


  6. Either the string bass or the ______________________ plays the bass line in Dixieland music.


  7. A __________________________________ was a type of night club that admitted both African American and white customers during the 1920's.


  8. A speakeasy was a ______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________.


  9. The _________________________________________ was a composition by James P. Johnson that was named for a popular new dance in the 1920's.


  10. Instead of a microphone, recording studios used a ___________________ to increase the volume of a voice or instrument in the 1920's.


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