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Test Bank

Select the BEST answer.

  1. In the Swing Era, the number of instruments in jazz bands was:
    1. larger than during the Dixieland era.
    2. smaller than during the Dixieland era.
    3. about the same as during the Dixieland era.
    4. 143.
  2. The sections in a big band are:
    1. clarinets, trombones, rhythm section, percussion
    2. saxophones, trombones, rhythm section, percussion
    3. clarinets, trumpets, guitars, banjos
    4. saxophones, trumpets, trombones, rhythm section
  3. Call and response is:
    1. the band leader asking the audience what they want to hear, followed by its response
    2. when one musician or section plays a short melody and is answered by another musician or section
    3. asking the arranger how the tune is to be played
    4. the band leader responding to a call from his wife
  4. Clarinetist Benny Goodman is also known as the:
    1. King of Swing
    2. Duke of Ellington
    3. Swinging Count
    4. Prince of Tides
  5. Swing was a major morale booster during the:
    1. Roaring Twenties
    2. Great Migration and World War I
    3. Great Depression and World War II
    4. Vietnam War
  6. In jazz, a riff is:
    1. a musical game of one-upmanship where the performers attempt to outdo each other
    2. a short fragment of a melody, usually repeated many times
    3. a way to "ruffle someone's feathers"
    4. creating music spontaneously
  7. An event where perfomers try to outdo each other is called:
    1. a cutting contest
    2. a playing test
    3. the New Deal
    4. the Great Depression
  8. Fate Marable led jazz bands on:
    1. trains
    2. Model T Fords
    3. river boats
    4. airplanes
  9. President Franklin D. Roosevelt created many employment opportunities under programs he called:
    1. the stock market
    2. the New Deal
    3. cutting contests
    4. the Depression
  10. When you create music spontaneously, that's called:
    1. a calliope
    2. the stock market
    3. improvising
    4. insanity
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

  1. The Swing Era is also known as the _______________ _______________ Era.

  2. Music from big bands was primarily used for __________________________.

  3. The four sections of instruments in a big band are ______________________,

    ______________________, ______________________, and ______________________.

  4. When a section of a big band "talks" back and forth with another section, it's called _____________________________ and ______________________________.

  5. During the Swing Era, for the first time it did not matter what color you were; all that mattered was how well you __________________________________.

  6. A musical instrument with steam whistles and a keyboard is called a ___________________________________________.

  7. While most other cities were suffering from the Great Depression,the city of ___________________________________________ provided many job opportunities for musicians in the city's many cabarets and dance halls.

  8. Because of _____________________________, people all over America began to hear jazz for the first time.

  9. Improvising is ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________.

  10. The purpose of the New Deal was to _______________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________.

Match the words in the columns correctly
  1. Swing Era
  2. call and...
  3. Fate Marable
  4. swing dancing
  5. Benny Goodman ensembles
  6. improvisation
  7. New Deal
  8. riff
  9. twelve-bar blues
  10. ensemble size during the Swing Era
  1. major morale booster during Great Depression
  2. musical conversation
  3. has three phrases, with the first two almost identical
  4. also known as the Big Band Era
  5. considerably larger than during the Dixieland Era
  6. led river boat jazz bands
  7. short fragment of a melody, usually repeated many times
  8. response
  9. plan for new employment opportunities
  10. first important interracial musical groups
Circle T if the statement is true; circle F if the statement is false.

  1. The most common arrangement for a big band calls for two saxophones, one trumpet, one trombone, and a drummer. T F

  2. The ensemble size during the Swing Era remained small. T F

  3. Call and response is a style of jazz with unusual rhythms, dissonance, and lots of improvisation. T F

  4. Swing helped the country throught the Great Depression, creating an escape for people through swing dancing. T F

  5. Two of the most important figures in the Swing Era were Count Basie and Duke Ellington. T F

  6. Jazz reached new levels of sophistication in the Swing Era as American's need for self-esteem grew. T F

  7. Nine-bar blues is a popular form for jazz tunes, usually consisting of three phrases, with the first two phrases almost identical. T F

  8. Benny Goodman was among the first to form a racially integrated band. T F

  9. Because of television, people all over America got to hear jazz for the first time. T F

  10. Mary Lou Williams not only wrote great arrangements for big bands, but was also a terrific clarinet player. T F
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