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Test Bank

Select the BEST answer.

  1. Bebop ensembles were typically:
    1. larger than Big Band ensembles
    2. smaller than Big Band ensembles
    3. twice as big as Big Band ensembles
    4. about the same size as Big Band ensembles

  2. Jam sessions can be held:
    1. only at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem
    2. nowhere; they're illegal
    3. almost anywhere
    4. only in a few specified nightclubs

  3. Scatting is:
    1. a type of jazz played mostly on solo piano
    2. a type of improvised singing where the vocalist uses nonsense syllables
    3. a type of mouthpiece found on large saxophones
    4. something a cat does

  4. One reason for the demise of the Big Band Swing Era was:
    1. the sudden popularity of Ragtime
    2. the public wasn't interested in jazz any more
    3. the Vietnam War
    4. World War II and the draft

  5. In the 1940's, Bebop was becoming popular in New York's small clubs on:
    1. 52nd Street
    2. Oak Street
    3. 14th Street
    4. Sesame Street

  6. The melodies and rhythms of Bebop are:
    1. influenced by rock-n-roll
    2. great for dancing
    3. pretty simple
    4. complex and difficult to sing

  7. Bebop musicians considered themselves:
    1. entertainers
    2. comedians
    3. artists
    4. businessmen

  8. Bebop was:
    1. a European invention
    2. an African American invention
    3. a new culture
    4. a regular way of approaching music

  9. The most important trumpet player in the Bebop Era was:
    1. Dizzy Gillespie
    2. Wynton Marsalis
    3. Scott Joplin
    4. Billie Holiday

  10. Strange Fruit, a song made famous by Billie Holiday, was about:
    1. Bebop
    2. World War II
    3. sit ins
    4. lynching
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

  1. While Big Band Swing was considered entertainment, Bebop was considered _________________________________________.

  2. _________________________ sessions are informal, non-rehearsed gatherings of musicians where they play together, challenge each other, and learn from each other.

  3. Thelonious ___________________________ was a very important musician in the development of Bebop because he played the piano unlike anyone else.

  4. The New York nightclub called Birdland was named after saxophonist _________________________ ______________________, whose nickname was Bird.

  5. Ella Fitzgerald was best known for her _______________ singing, which imitated the style of Bebop instrumental solos by using nonsense syllables.

  6. A "gig" is slang that musicians use to describe a ____________________ ______________________________________________________________________.

  7. Bebop was created by _____________________ ______________________.

  8. During World War II, it was hard to get ___________________________ for band busses, which meant big ensembles couldn't travel to nightclubs as easily.

  9. A ___________________ ______________________ is a jazz ensemble of 12 to 20 members, consisting of a rhythm section, plus sections of trumpets, trombones, and saxophones.

  10. The name of the song that protested lynching and was made famous by Billie Holiday was _____________________ __________________________.
Match the words in the columns correctly
  1. jam sessions
  2. Bebop
  3. Ella Fitzgerald
  4. 52nd Street
  5. Swing
  6. gig
  7. improvisation
  8. Charlie Parker
  9. scatting
  10. Afro-Cuban rhythms
  1. area in New York City that had many jazz clubs in the 1940’s
  2. performing job
  3. beat patterns found in popular music from Cuba
  4. one of the most important Bebop saxophonists
  5. type of jazz that is considered art music, rather than entertainment
  6. creating a new melody while performing
  7. one of the most important scat singers
  8. informal, non-rehearsed gatherings of musicians
  9. type of jazz that is good for dancing
  10. type of improvised singing where the vocalist uses nonsense syllables
Circle T if the statement is true; circle F if the statement is false.

  1. Bebop was primarily played by small groups. T F

  2. Bebop musicians didn't consider themselves as artists, just entertainers. T F

  3. Bebop developed through jam sessions. T F

  4. Bebop was great for dancing. T F

  5. Racism and segregation were rampant in America during the Swing and Bebop eras. T F

  6. Strange Fruit, a song made famous by Billie Holiday, was about lynching. T F

  7. Afro-Cuban rhythms are beat patterns found in popular music from Cuba. T F

  8. Dizzy Gillespie played the clarinet. T F

  9. One of the reasons for the demise of Swing was the Vietnam War. T F

  10. Compared to Bebop, Swing was much more complex. T F
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