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Test Bank

Select the BEST answer.

  1. Free Jazz is simply based on:
    1. a strict order of chords
    2. sound
    3. traditional music
    4. the idea of not listening to other musicians

  2. Because of the atonal nature of Free Jazz, many people find the music:
    1. unusual and difficult to listen to
    2. similar to classical music
    3. easy listening
    4. full of recognizable melodies

  3. Unlike Bebop, Free Jazz involved:
    1. a chord structure that was determined beforehand
    2. one soloist at a time
    3. catchy melodies
    4. collective improvisation

  4. Free Jazz originated in:
    1. San Francisco
    2. Dallas
    3. New York
    4. The O.C.

  5. Fusion first developed in the:
    1. 1920's
    2. 1940's
    3. 1970's
    4. 1990's

  6. Fusion got its electronic instruments from:
    1. Bebop
    2. Rock
    3. Swing
    4. Cool Jazz

  7. Jazz festivals are normally held:
    1. outside
    2. inside a small concert hall
    3. inside someone's house
    4. on a river boat

  8. Newport, Rhode Island was:
    1. the birthplace of Smooth Jazz
    2. where the Star Spangled Banner was first performed
    3. the home of the first jazz festival
    4. where Cantaloupe Island was discovered

  9. A tune with lyrics that strongly object to certain conditions is called:
    1. a quote
    2. a protest song
    3. a theme song
    4. gospel music

  10. This amendment to the Constitution protects our right to free speech:
    1. 1st Amendment
    2. 2nd Amendment
    3. 3rd Amendment
    4. I plead the fifth!
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

  1. ____________________________ _________________________ is a style of jazz without a predetermined structure, where musicians have complete musical freedom and experiment with sound.

  2. Unlike Bebop where there would be one soloist at a time, Free Jazz involved more _____________________________ improvisation, where everyone in the ensemble improvised at the same time.

  3. Many people find that Free Jazz is ___________________________ to listen to, at least at first.

  4. Fusion is the blending of ________________________ and __________________________________.

  5. One of the important Fusion artists was ______________________ ______________________.

  6. Smooth Jazz is a simpler and more commercial form of ______________________ _________________________.

  7. The Monterey Jazz Festival is held in the state of ___________________________________________.

  8. "______________________ and __________________________" is a musical conversation where one musician or section plays a short melody and is answered by another musician or section.

  9. Trading fours is when musicians take turns playing _________________ measures of music.

  10. ________________________________ singers are vocalists who sing responses to phrases sung by the lead singer.

Circle T if the statement is true; circle F if the statement is false.

  1. Free Jazz has a very strict structure. T F

  2. At first, most people find that Free Jazz is very easy to listen to. T F

  3. Despite its name, Free Jazz did not give musicians much musical freedom. T F

  4. Ornette Coleman was one of the most important Free Jazz musicians. T F

  5. Fusion came about, in part, because jazz musicians wanted to take advantage of the popular appeal of rock music. T F

  6. From jazz, Fusion got its sophistication. T F

  7. Smooth Jazz and Free Jazz are very similar. T F

  8. Newport and Monterey are homes to popular jazz festivals. T F

  9. A theme song is music that is identified with a particular musician, ensemble, or another entity. T F

  10. A narration is a chord structure based on one or two chords. T F
Match the words in the columns correctly
  1. collective improvisation
  2. Ornette Coleman
  3. Free Jazz
  4. Fusion
  5. call and response
  6. Herbie Hancock
  7. protest song
  8. Smooth Jazz
  9. Newport
  10. trading fours
  1. style of jazz simply based on sound and not on a series of predetermined chords
  2. tune in which lyrics object strongly to certain conditions
  3. musical conversation where one musician plays a short melody and is answered by another musician
  4. a simpler, more commercial form of Fusion
  5. all musicians solo at the same time
  6. where the first jazz festival took place
  7. when musicians take turns playing four measures of music
  8. saxophonist who was one of the most important Free Jazz artists
  9. important Fusion pianist who wrote "Cantaloupe Island"
  10. style of jazz that blends jazz and rock
the Herbie Hancock institute of jazz
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