||Developments in Jazz
- Pianist Chick Corea records The Song of Singing, a successful experiment with atonal jazz.
- Chick Corea and bassist Dave Holland quit Miles Davis' band and form the group Circle.
- Pianist Keith Jarrett joins Miles Davis' group on electric organ.
- Bassist Charles Mingus and bandleader Sun Ra record in Berlin.
- Saxophonist Jan Garbarek visits the U.S.
- Pianist Joshua Rifkin records ragtime composer Scott Joplin's rags.
- Artist Mark Rothko dies.
- The U.S. army enters Cambodia.
- Guitarist Jimi Hendrix dies from a drug overdose.
- Singer Janis Joplin dies from a drug overdose.
- The voting age is lowered to 18.
- Student demonstrators are killed at Kent State University and Jackson State College.
- U.S. Supreme Court case Roe vs. Wade defends women's right to abortion.
- The World Trade Center in New York City becomes the tallest building in the world.
- Keyboardist Joe Zawinul's and saxophonist Wayne Shorter's new fusion group, Weather Report, records in New York.
- Guitarist John McLaughlin's newly formed Mahavishnu Orchestra records in New York.
- Pianist Thelonious Monk records in London.
- Sun Ra's Arkestra tours Egypt.
- Bassist Charles Mingus publishes his autobiography, Beneath The Underdog.
- Trumpeter Louis Armstrong dies.
- Composer Igor Stravinsky dies.
- The U.S. bombs North Vietnam.
- Filmmaker Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange is banned in the UK.
- Louis Armstrong's death is reported on the front pages of newspapers all over the world.
- Weather Report records I Sing the Body Electric.
- Keyboardist Chick Corea records with his newly formed fusion group Return to Forever.
- Bassist Charles Mingus performs at the Philharmonic Hall in New York.
- Hard bop trumpeter Lee Morgan is shot dead by his former mistress in New York.
- Pianist Thelonious Monk goes into retirement.
- Free jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman's Skies of America is performed by the London Symphony Orchestra.
- The Mahavishnu Orchestra records Birds of Fire and Love Devotion Surrender.
- British troops kill 13 people in Northern Ireland.
- The UK joins the European Economic Community.
- The SALT agreement limits U.S. and U.S.S.R. nuclear weapons.
- Eleven Israelis are murdered by Arab terrorists in Munich at the Olympics.
- The U.S. makes its final bombing of North Vietnam.
- President Richard Nixon visits Communist China and the U.S.S.R.
- Reggae star Bob Marley is signed to Island Records and brings Jamaican music and culture into the mainstream.
- The first Polaroid cameras go on sale.
- Keyboardist Herbie Hancock records the jazz-rock (fusion) album Headhunters in San Francisco, the album's sales breaking all records in jazz.
- The movie The Sting features Scott Joplin's music, creating a renewed interest in ragtime.
- Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie arranges a comeback appearance for trumpeter Chet Baker.
- Guitarist John McLaughlin disbands the first Mahavishnu Orchestra.
- The Vietnam War ends.
- Painter Pablo Picasso dies.
- The Watergate Scandal occurs.
- The mountain bike is invented in California.
- Trumpeter Thad Jones and drummer Mel Lewis take their big band to Tokyo.
- The Akiyoshi-Tabackin big band records in Los Angeles.
- The Modern Jazz Quartet gives a farewell performance at New York's Lincoln Center.
- Pianist Oscar Peterson visits the Soviet Union.
- Saxophonist Grover Washington Jr. records his crossover hit Mr. Magic.
- Duke Ellington dies from lung cancer and pneumonia.
- Turkish forces invade Cyprus.
- Patty Hearst, daughter of newspaper mogul William Randolph Hearst, is kidnapped.
- The "streaking" craze (running in the nude for shock and laughs) hits college campuses and other public places.
- President Richard Nixon resigns.
- Gerald Ford becomes president.
- Saxophonist Michael Brecker and his brother, trumpeter Randy, record together.
- Return to Forever records No Mystery.
- Miles Davis performs in Japan, New York, and at the Newport Festival before going into retirement.
- Guitarist Pat Metheny records his first album, Bright Sized Life, with electric bassist Jaco Pastorius.
- Pianist Bill Evans records the album Alone.
- Fourteen-year-old trumpet virtuoso Wynton Marsalis performs with the New Orleans Symphony Orchestra.
- The Khmer Rouge takes control of Cambodia.
- North Vietnam invades South Vietnam.
- Filmmaker Steven Spielberg's Jaws is released.
- Pianist Dave Brubeck's quartet reunites for an anniversary concert.
- Pianist Thelonious Monk performs for the last time at the Newport Jazz Festival.
- Pianist Herbie Hancock records live at Newport with his group, VSOP.
- Guitarist John McLaughlin disbands the second Mahavishnu Orchestra.
- Weather Report, now with electric bass virtuoso Jaco Pastorius, records its best selling albums Black Market and Heavy Weather.
- The Viking space probe transmits pictures from Mars.
- Writer Alex Haley's Roots is published.
- The U.S. celebrates the bicentennial of its independence with 4th of July festivities.
- Punk rock becomes popular in Britain.
- Scott Joplin is awarded a posthumous Pulitzer Prize for his contributions to American music.
- Pianist Errol Garner dies.
- Alto saxophonist Paul Desmond dies.
- The World Saxophone Quartet is founded.
- Drummer Kenny Clarke returns to the U.S.
- Multi-instrumentalist Roland Kirk dies.
- Pop jazz group Spyro Gyra records its first album.
- The U.S. space shuttle makes a test flight.
- Singer Elvis Presley dies.
- Filmmaker George Lucas' Star Wars is released.
- Jimmy Carter becomes president.
- President Jimmy Carter hosts a jazz concert at the White House in honor of bassist and composer Charles Mingus.
- The Cuban band, Irakere, promotes Afro-Cuban music in Europe and the U.S.
- Pianist Chick Corea records with vibraphonist Gary Burton.
- Keyboardist Bob James composes a popular fusion theme for the TV series Taxi.
- The Pat Metheny Group is formed.
- Revolution occurs in Afghanistan.
- The hit film musical Grease is released.
- The first video arcade game Space Invaders is a hug hit worldwide.
- Television reporter Max Robinson is the first African American to anchor network news.
- Bassist Charles Mingus dies in Mexico.
- Sue Mingus forms the Mingus Dynasty in honor of her late husband.
- Drummer Jack DeJohnette collaborates with saxophonist David Murray on Special Edition.
- Pianist Keith Jarrett and saxophonist Jan Garbarek record live.
- Bandleader Stan Kenton dies in Los Angeles.
- Dizzy Gillespie publishes his book, To Be or Not To Bop.
- Pianist Bill Evans makes his final recordings.
- Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first female prime minister.
- Filmmaker Francis Ford Coppola's movie Apocalypse Now is released.
- Nuclear disaster occurs at Three Mile Island.
- The first Sony Walkman is introduced.