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5

Bebop

II.

Bebop

IV. Cultural Implications

jazz images 1

52nd Street

jazz images 2

Billie Holiday


A. Geographical

   

bebop was centered in New York City 


B. Cultural

      

1.

racism and segregation were rampant in America during the swing and bebop eras; for example, African Americans: 

            

a.

often had to stay at separate hotels; in some cases traveling musicians would have to stay at black rooming houses or sleep on the bus 

            

b.

would often have to eat at separate restaurants; in some cases African American musicians were not even permitted to eat at the same nightclub/restaurant they were filling with large audiences night after night (sometimes they were not even permitted to use the front entrance) 

            

c.

were often required to use separate public bathrooms and water fountains 

            

d.

were often required to sit in the back of city busses 

      

2.

the 1930s, ‘40s, and '50s witnessed horrific injustices against African Americans, including lynchings; play "Strange Fruit," Billie Holiday (Web) 

      

3.

as with so many styles of jazz, bebop reflected the culture of the times, growing out of the desire of African Americans to create their own music; like the African American experience at the time, the music: 

            

a.

was difficult 

            

b.

alluded to the blues 

            

c.

explored new directions, uncharted territory 

            

d.

was separate from the mainstream of America 

      

4.

many jazz musicians, in their struggle to deal with oppression and related issues, became addicted to drugs, particularly heroin; many, in fact, met their demise due to drug abuse 

Audio Snippets

speakerspacer Strange Fruit - Billie Holiday
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