[ Login ]
lesson plan12345678
5

Bebop

I.

Bebop

II. Cultural Implications of Bebop


A. World War II

   

The demise of the Swing Era big bands was, in part, due to World War II.

  1. The draft. Many jazz musicians were called to war, leaving few at home.
  2. Transportation to reach night spots outside city limits was difficult due to gas shortages (gas rationing), tire shortages (rubber rationing), and the dismantling of urban and interurban railways.
  3. Midnight curfews ("brown-outs") 


B. Racism

   

Racism and segregation were rampant in America during the Swing and Bebop eras. 


C. A True African American Art Form

   

African American jazz musicians became increasingly disenchanted with swing music the more they watched European Americans capitalize on it. They wanted to create their "own" music, a music that was not for dancing but for listening: a true African American art form.  


D. Reflection of the Culture

   

Bebop reflected the culture of the times. Like the African American experience at the time, the music:

  1. was difficult
  2. alluded to the blues
  3. explored new directions and uncharted territory
  4. was separate from the mainstream of America
 

the thelonious monk institute of jazz
home overview lesson plans jazz resources what's new jazz in america