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2

Test Bank

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  1. A single pitch of music is called a
    1. chord
    2. rhythm
    3. melody
    4. note
    5. key

  2. Pitch refers to
    1. how fast or short or note is played
    2. how high or low a note is played
    3. the musical sound (tone) of the note
    4. the particular instrument on which a note is played
    5. how well a note is played

  3. Notes
    1. can only be sung by a human voice but not played on a musical instrument
    2. can only be played on a musical instrument but not sung by a human voice
    3. can either be sung by a human voice or played on a musical instrument
    4. can only be played one at a time
    5. can be played on a piano but not on other instruments

  4. A melody
    1. is one note
    2. is part of a chord
    3. is a group of chords played or sung in succession (i.e., one after the other)
    4. is a group of notes played or sung at the same time (i.e., simultaneously)
    5. is a group of notes played or sung in succession (i.e., one after the other)

  5. A chord
    1. is one note
    2. is formed by a group of singers singing the same note
    3. can only be produced by two or more instruments playing different notes
    4. is a group of notes played or sung at the same time (i.e., simultaneously)
    5. a group of notes played or sung in succession (i.e., one after the other)

  6. Which of the following is NOT a single-note instrument?
    1. saxophone
    2. piano
    3. human voice
    4. trumpet
    5. trombone

  7. Accompaniment
    1. is the part of the music that is sung or played “up front”
    2. consists of all the chords the pianist plays “up front”
    3. consists of only what the pianist plays in the background
    4. consists of all the chords the pianist plays as well as everything else being played behind the melody (bass, drums, etc.)
    5. is not as important as the melody

  8. A chord progression
    1. is a group of notes played at the same time
    2. is a group of chords played at the same time
    3. is a group of chords played in succession
    4. does not usually accompany a melody
    5. does not usually accompany an improvised solo

  9. Syncopation
    1. is the accenting of downbeats
    2. is the accenting of upbeats
    3. has more to do with pitch than rhythm
    4. is unnatural for the jazz musician
    5. makes jazz boring

  10. In jazz, syncopation is used
    1. none of the time
    2. all of the time
    3. some of the time
    4. only when the musicians are improvising
    5. only when the musicians are reading music

  11. Improvisation is
    1. doing something extemporaneously (i.e., not planned ahead of time)
    2. following a prepared script
    3. reading music
    4. extra sensory perception (ESP)
    5. following a prepared musical score

  12. An example of improvisation is
    1. conservation
    2. reading music
    3. playing symphonic music
    4. reading a speech
    5. conversation

  13. When improvising, jazz musicians “hear” (imagine) the notes in their mind
    1. just after they play them
    2. at the exact same time as they play them
    3. a microsecond before they play them
    4. just after they sing them
    5. only after they’ve listened to the music several times

  14. Which of the following is NOT a common jazz instrument?
    1. saxophone
    2. trumpet
    3. drums
    4. piano
    5. oboe

  15. Jazz musicians
    1. strive to have their own personal sound (tone) on their instruments
    2. strive to sound like the musicians who are the most popular and have received the most fame and money
    3. always try to get as “clean” of a sound (tone) as possible
    4. are not concerned with the sound (tone) they produce, only the notes they produce
    5. believe the particular sound (tone) they make on their instrument is not as important as the instrument itself

  16. The pulse of the music (e.g., what you feel when you tap your foot along with the music) is called
    1. the tempo
    2. the beat
    3. the rhythm
    4. syncopation
    5. the melody

  17. The speed of the beat (i.e., how slow or fast you tap your foot to the music) is called
    1. the rhythm
    2. the harmony
    3. the melody
    4. syncopation
    5. the tempo

  18. In most jazz tunes, the beat
    1. is steady, i.e., not slowing down or speeding up throughout the duration of the tune
    2. gradually speeds up from beginning to end
    3. gradually slows down from beginning to end
    4. fluctuates, i.e., slows down and speeds up several times during the tune
    5. is always fast

  19. Swing is
    1. a way of performing in which notes played on consecutive downbeats and upbeats receive approximately 2/3 and 1/3 of the beat, respectively
    2. a way of performing in which notes played on consecutive downbeats and upbeats each receive 1/2 of the beat
    3. a term used to indicate that a band is in the groove, in sync, and playing together with a good rhythmic feeling
    4. A and C
    5. B and C

  20. Form refers to
    1. the style of the tune (e.g., Dixieland, Swing, Bebop, Cool Jazz, Smooth Jazz, etc.).
    2. the contour of the melody
    3. the contour of the harmony
    4. the basic structure or "blueprint" of a piece of music
    5. the tempo of a piece of music

  21. In jazz, a chorus is
    1. one time through the chords of a tune
    2. the middle part of the tune
    3. the “hook” of the tune, that is, the section of the tune that is most memorable
    4. the head
    5. a group of vocalists

  22. In jazz, a combo is
    1. a group of jazz musicians forming a small ensemble (e.g., three to seven pieces)
    2. a group of jazz musicians forming a large ensemble (e.g., 10-20 pieces)
    3. a group of jazz musicians forming an ensemble of any size
    4. a group of jazz singers
    5. a type of Latin jazz dance

  23. The head is
    1. the first improvised solo
    2. the introduction
    3. the written melody
    4. played during the middle choruses
    5. played during the penultimate chorus (i.e., next to last chorus)

  24. The basic structure of a standard jazz tune performance is
    1. head for one chorus - improvised solos for several choruses - head for one chorus
    2. head for one chorus - accompaniment for one chorus - improvised solo for one chorus
    3. verse – verse – chorus – verse
    4. verse – hook – verse – hook, etc.
    5. introduction – melody (sung or played) – ending

  25. An arrangement is
    1. a jazz gig
    2. a place where jazz musicians play
    3. a place where jazz musicians live
    4. the specific organization of musical events in a given composition (i.e., who plays what when)
    5. a chorus

Fill in the blank with the correct answer
  1. The music that supports the melody, i.e., the "background" music played at the same time as the melody, is called the ________________.
  2. The specific organization (performance order) of musical events in a given composition (i.e., who plays what when) is called the _________________.
  3. The underlying pulse of a piece of music, i.e., that part of the music to which you tap your foot, is called the _____________.
  4. A unit of two or more different notes played or sung at the same time is called a _____________.
  5. A group of chords played in succession is called a _______________________________________________.
  6. One time through the set of chords that accompany the melody of a jazz tune is called a _______________.
  7. The basic structure or "blueprint" of a piece of music is called ___________.
  8. The pre-composed melody generally played during the first and last chorus of a jazz tune is called the _____________________.
  9. Spontaneous composition, i.e., playing a solo extemporaneously, is called ___________________________________.
  10. A single pitch of music is called a ______________.
  11. The regular pulse of a piece of music that is constant and unchanging is called a _______________________________.
  12. A way of performing notes played on consecutive downbeats and upbeats in which they receive approximately 2/3 and 1/3 of the beat, respectively, is called ________________________.
  13. Performing notes played on consecutive downbeats and upbeats in which they each receive 1/2 of the beat is called playing with a _____________________________________________ feel.
  14. The accenting of upbeats is called _________________________.
  15. The speed of the beat is called ___________________________.
  16. An example of a single instrument capable of playing chords is _______________.
  17. An example of a single instrument incapable of playing chords is _______________________.
  18. The seven most common instruments found in jazz are the ____________________________.
  19. Jazz musicians strive for their own personal _____________ on their instruments.
  20. A combo is a _______________________________________________________________.
  21. A jazz combo usually consists of ________________________________________________.
  22. The common structure of the performance of a jazz tune is ____________ - __________________________ -- __________.
  23. Improvisation is similar to _____________________, using music to communicate rather than _____________.
  24. Charlie Parker, John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins, Paul Desmond, and Jimmy Heath all play the ______________________.
  25. Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Horace Silver, and Dave Brubeck all play the _____________.


Write a one to two page answer.
Essay Question #1
Why do jazz musicians strive to produce their own personal sound on their instruments.

Essay question #2
What are the most common differences between a jazz musician and a classical musician?

Essay question #3
Explain the common structure (format) of a standard jazz tune performance by a jazz combo.

Essay question #4
Explain the difference between notes played in a melody and notes played in a chord; explain the difference between an improvised solo and musical accompaniment

Essay question #5
Why do jazz musicians like to improvise? How do you improvise in your everyday life? Provide examples.

Please answer true or false to the following questions.
1. A single pitch of music is called a chord. T F
2. Pitch refers to how fast or short a note is played. T F
3. Notes can be sung by a human voice and/or played on a musical instrument. T F
4. A melody is a group of notes played or sung in succession (i.e., one after the other). T F
5. A chord is a group of notes played or sung at the same time (i.e., simultaneously) T F
6. The piano is a single note instrument incapable of playing chords. T F
7. The saxophone is a single note instrument incapable of playing chords. T F
8. Accompaniment consists of all the music that is played that “accompanies” the melody and/or improvised solos. T F
9. Syncopation is the accenting of downbeats. T F
10. Improvisation is doing something extemporaneously (i.e., not planned ahead of time). T F
11. The piano is a common instrument in jazz. T F
12. A musician reading music that he/she has never seen before is an example of improvisation. T F
13. When improvising, jazz musicians “hear” (imagine) the notes in their mind immediately before they play them. T F
14. Jazz musicians strive to produce their own personal sound (tone) on their instruments. T F
15. The pulse of the music (e.g., what you feel when you tap your foot along with the music) is called the tempo. T F
16. The speed of the beat (i.e., how slow or fast you tap your foot to the music) is called the rhythm. T F
17. In most jazz tunes, the beat fluctuates, i.e., slows down and speeds up several times during the tune. T F
18. When swinging, notes played on consecutive downbeats and upbeats each receive 1/2 of the beat. T F
19. Form refers to the basic structure or "blueprint" of a piece of music. T F
20. An arrangement is the specific ordering of musical events (who plays what when) in given composition. T F
21. In jazz, a chorus is one time through all the chords in a song. T F
22. In jazz, a combo is a group of jazz musicians forming a large ensemble (e.g., 10-20 pieces). T F
23. In jazz, the first improvised solo is called the head. T F
24. The basic structure of a standard jazz tune performance is: head – improvised solo choruses – head. T F
25. The particular sound each jazz musician makes on his/her instrument is as important as the instrument itself. T F
Match the words in the columns correctly.

1. accompaniment  

A. chords played in succession  

1. _____

2. arrangement  

B. pitch  

2. _____

3. beat   

C. one time through the chords of a song  

3. _____

4. chord  

D. 2/3 beat/1/3 beat, 2/3 beat/1/3 beat, etc.  

4. _____

5. chord progression  

E. piano  

5. _____

6. chorus  

F. constant tempo  

6. _____

7. form  

G. raspy, edgy, rough, smooth, pretty, soulful, warm  

7. _____

8. head  

H. specific ordering of musical events in a composition  

8. _____

9. improvisation  

I. music that accompanies the melody  

9. _____

10. melody  

J. small jazz ensemble  

10. _____

11. note  

K. saxophone  

11. _____

12. steady beat  

L. basic jazz performance structure  

12. _____

13. swing  

M. swinging big band leader who played piano  

13. _____

14. syncopation  

N. notes played simultaneously  

14. _____

15. tempo  

O. jazz trumpeter, composer, arranger, producer  

15. _____

16. single note instrument  

P. pulse  

16. _____

17. chordal instrument  

Q. jazz vocalist  

17. _____

18. jazz sounds  

R. jazz clarinetist  

18. _____

19. head ? improvised solos - head  

S. extemporaneous soloing  

19. _____

20. combo  

T. jazz saxophoninst  

20. _____

21. Charlie Parker  

U. speed  

21. _____

22. Benny Goodman  

V. accenting upbeats  

22. _____

23. Sarah Vaughn  

W. the basic blueprint of a composition  

23. _____

24. Quincy Jones  

X. a group of notes in succession  

24. _____

25. Count Basie  

Y. pre-composed melody  

25. _____

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